TOOTH DECAY: PREVENTION AND TREATMENT
Tooth decay is most commonly called dental carries. Dentist would say It is one of the most widespread oral health problems worldwide. During the early stages of tooth decay it is hard to discover it. However when it has advanced, it has clear signs and symptoms.
How tooth decays
Tooth decay occurs as a result of activity of a colony of plaque bacteria in your mouth. Plaque bacteria depend on the food we eat to feed. If you do not clear the food out of your mouth after you have fed, the bacteria find your mouth conducive to build up. The bacteria also take advantage of food that is high on sugar to build up. When the bacteria build up on your teeth, they produce acid that erodes the teeth causing it to decay.
- The most common problem in advanced stages of tooth decay is tooth ache
- Your tooth is likely to become sensitive. This presents with sharp pain when taking cold or hot food. It may also present as sharp pain when taking sugary food.
- Unpleasant taste and breath in our mouth because of the bacteria in your mouth.
- You can also observe a colored spot on the teeth. The spot could either be grey brown or black.
Prevention of tooth decay
Tooth decay can be prevented can be prevented by simple oral hygiene practices. The most obvious oral hygiene practice is brushing your teeth with fluoride tooth paste. This should be should be done at least twice a day, that is in the morning and before you retire to bed. You also need to floss each day to remove food residue that lie between your teeth. Reduce on the amount of starch, drinks and other sugary foods in between meals and an hour before going to bed. Regular visit to your dentist can be a boon towards preventing tooth decay through early detection and treatment. When you feel any pain in your teeth it is a prompt warning to see your dentist. Any sensitivity in your teeth should also act as a warning to find out if you are developing decay.
Treatment of tooth decay
When your dentist has detected a decay in your teeth early in time, he or she is able to apply fluoride vanish to prevent the decay from worsening. If the decay has eroded the outer layer causing a cavity, your dentist will work to remove the decay and cover it to secure it. If you’re the nerves have been affected, your dentist will remove them and fill the space in a process called root canal. If the tooth has been adversely damaged, it may need to be extracted.